Expanding the geography of war in the country; What do the neighbors say vs what they do?
With the spread of the geography of war in the country, neighbors far and near have had different views and actions regarding the continuation of this situation. The Indian embassy in Kabul called the security situation in several provinces “dangerous” and said Indian citizens were facing serious threats.
The embassy has urged its citizens in Afghanistan to take strict security measures and avoid unnecessary patrols.
Meanwhile, Uzbekistan state media reported that President Shawkat Mir Ziyoyev had a telephone conversation with Tajikistan’s President Imam Ali Rahman discussing the “dangerous” situation in Afghanistan along the border with Tajikistan. He assessed the country as very tense.
At the same time, following the escalation of the war in the north of the country, the Tajikistan State News Agency (Khawar) reported that the country’s armed forces had been transferred to a “special regime” on the second line of defense on the border with Afghanistan. Tajikistan Defense Ministry spokesman Feraidon Mohammad Alizadeh told the Eastern News Agency that the country’s security forces were protecting Tajikistan’s borders with other border guards.
He added: “No additional equipment or manpower has been delivered these days and there are currently no plans to do so; “Because the unstable situation in Afghanistan has forced us to strengthen our military units in the second line of defense.”
According to the Tajikistan’s Khawar News Agency, clashes between security forces and Taliban fighters have broken out at four Tajikistan border crossings over the past 10 days, with eight districts and two border checkpoints falling to the Taliban.
Earlier, the Tajikistan National Security Committee said that about 134 security forces crossed the border into Tajikistan following a Taliban attack on Sher Khan Bandar in Kunduz province. The committee also said that 17 Afghan security forces had arrived in Tajikistan from the Kaldar district of Balkh after a Taliban attack.
Farhad Azimi, spokesman for Balkh province, denied the allegations, saying no security forces have crossed into Tajikistan form Kaldar district.
However, the Uzbekistan Foreign Ministry says that three Afghan soldiers crossed the border on June 26 and 44 Afghan soldiers crossed the border on June 27, but were sent back to Afghanistan by Uzbekistan border guards. Meanwhile, the Uzbekistan Foreign Ministry says that Afghan troops entered Uzbekistan two days in a row, crossing the border between the two countries. Uzbekistan’s KUN news agency quoted the Foreign Ministry as saying that Afghan border forces entered Uzbekistan on June 26.
The country has also expressed concern about rising tensions in Afghanistan. According to a statement issued by the Uzbekistan Foreign Ministry, 44 Afghan border guards and a local armed group have entered the country from the Shor Tapa area of Balkh province. On June 23, 53 Afghan troops fled to Uzbekistan, but were sent back to Afghanistan by Uzbekistan’s border guards.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has also confirmed the passage of a number of Afghan nationals to Uzbekistan and said that it is conducting a serious and comprehensive investigation to clarify the reasons and dimensions of this incident. “We are fully committed to the laws governing border relations and consider its implementation important for ensuring the security of countries and maintaining friendly relations with neighboring countries,” the State Department said in a statement.
Shah Mahmood Qureshi, on the other hand, said in a statement that Pakistan had hosted 3.5 million Afghan refugees in recent years and would not accept more. He added that Pakistan must close its borders and defend its national interests. Shah Mahmood Qureshi has expressed concern that the escalation of violence in Afghanistan may lead to more influx of migrants to Pakistan.
Earlier, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan told the New York Times that if the Taliban took control of Afghanistan, Pakistan would close its borders. Imran Khan also stressed that the Taliban’s attempt to seize control of Afghanistan militarily would lead to a civil war and an influx of refugees into Pakistan.
However, the Foreign Ministry stressed that Afghanistan has always wanted the continued and dignified return of Afghan refugees to the country, and in this regard, within the framework of existing structures of bilateral cooperation, including the Afghanistan-Pakistan Action Plan for Peace and Solidarity (APAPPS) with Pakistan. he does.
A State Department statement issued on Monday, June 28, said neighboring countries were not expected to use the issue of migrants as a tool to put pressure on Afghanistan.
The State Department emphasizes that Pakistan’s sincere cooperation in ending the bloodshed and ensuring lasting and inclusive peace in Afghanistan is far more effective than the disturbing comments and predictions made by government officials.
The Iranian Foreign Ministry has also issued a statement saying that it is closely following the worrying developments in Afghanistan.
“Iran supports the peace efforts in Afghanistan and calls for an end to the war and peace in Afghanistan through a comprehensive political solution,” said Mohammad Ibrahim Tahirian, Iran’s special envoy for Afghanistan. »
“Iran is in favor of resolving the current crisis in Afghanistan through negotiations and does not support the continuation of the war and crisis in Afghanistan,” Mr Taherian said.